Ganish Village, ( pronounced as "gh \ A' \ nish" , meaning Gold in Brushaski language ) is in Pakistan located right in the heart of Hunza Valley, 90 km and 2½ hours traveling time from Gilgit. 2,440 ( 7,500 ft )above sea level, oldest settlement of Hunza, is full of inherited cultural Mosques, with a pool in the middle of the village along with Two Watch Towers. The KKH makes a sweeping S-bend down past Ganish village to the bridge across the Hunza River. There are so many assumptions for the meanings of this name. People assume that the meaning of the Ganish, is derived from the Hindu god Ganesh, some assume as Tribe way, and some say as Gold, which is more appropriate.
Ganish is situated in central Hunza, 90 km and 2½ hours traveling time from Gilgit. It is located on flat land near the Hunza River and the Hunza hill at an altitude of 7,500 ft, and lies directly below Karimabad, the principal town of the Hunza valley. Spreading over the mountain, opposite the world famous Rakaposhi Peak in Nagar across the Hunza river from Hunza, Karimabad is renowned for the Altit and Baltit Forts, built by the rulers of this former princely state.
Ganish is the oldest and first settlement on the ancient Silk Road in Hunza, and is the site of various ancient watch towers, traditional mosques, religious centers,and a reservoir. Some people call this village the land of warriors and king makers because people of this village had been involved in battles with Nagar and in decision making during the royal era of Hunza.
A feature of the village is the "S" shaped road which cuts through the centre of the village. Ancient sacred rocks are also located near the village. A cluster of old traditional houses make this village unique from other parts of Hunza, That is why village has won a Unesco award for its cultural heritage.
Although Hunza has several new Khuns (clusters), Banisatin Khun, Suni Khun, Buldus, Ganish Shukonoshal, Chaboikushal and Tsill Ganish, Ganish Khun is the oldest. The original layout of Ganish Village Khun is mostly intact, even after damage caused by a flood in 1960 and the construction of the Karakorum Highway through it in the 1970s. Ganish Village’s existing historic fabric is a typical central Hunza Khun layout, which comprises 39 houses dating back to the 15th century. This fabric contains a number of buildings (Matam Srah/Imam-bargah, Himaltar and Shikaris Sawab-Ha, mosques, schools, guest house etc.) and open spaces that are outstanding in their spatial layout, architecture and decoration. Ancient chinars, mulberry and willow trees testify to the age of the settlement.
The village’s surroundings consist of thousand-year-old meticulously constructed terrace houses, lush green agricultural terraces, orchards and meadows. The orchards and meadows terrace down to the Hunza River and create a most beautiful form of landscape heritage.
From the agricultural terraces surrounding the village can be seen breathtaking views of Karimabad, the Baltit fort, the Altit settlement and its fort as well as the famous Rakaposhi, Ultar, Golden Peak, and Diran mountains.
A small but the oldest settelment is blessed with talented children, men and women. A small School Uswa Public School which was funded by one of a Shia welfare trust know as Jabir Bin Hayyan Trust started educating children in modern way, and now this school is one of the well known schools of Hunza providing Doctors, Engineers and lot of Social Workers.
IQRA a small asscociation is based in this village gathering funds from working men and women within the town and help desrving students and poor families, the association was found in 1998 by Muhammad Hussain (late). Now this Association has more than 100 members including women.
The newly graduates and current students of Ganish Village made an Association GSA Ganish Students Association in 2008. This was the first time that Students from this small town organized ever first seminar for students in Ganish. It was a positive and an appreciatable step towards the development of education.
Town Management Society TMS in Ganish, Hunza is funded by Japan, motivating people in different means.
Iqra Foundation runs a hostel in karachi where about twelve outstanding students of different universities and colleges are staying.the hostel has a nice library and furnished rooms for students on affordable expenses. Admission into the hostel is based on merit.